Since its conditions were favorable, it rapidly intensified into an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm and reached its peak on 3rd May 2019. Especially the sight of uprooted trees along the Puri Konark Marine drive road, which has a special place in the heart of travellers and nature lovers,” Pradhan said. About the cyclone Fani Brief situation report - Situation Report on Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm – ‘FANI’ The extremely severe cyclonic storm FANI in the bay of Bengal had landfall on Odisha coast on 3rd May 2019 between Gopalpura and Chandbali around Puri district with the wind speed of Gust wind speed of 40-50 kilometres per hour are registered over north Bay of Bengal. Fani registered an average 1-minute wind speed of 250kmh and 3 minute mean of 185kmh. (ECHO, 29 Apr 2019), Cyclone Fani has further intensified into an “severe cyclonic storm” and is approaching the Odisha coast. In Puri district, more than 189,000 houses were damaged. A red alert warning for 17 districts of Odisha has been issued on 30 April. 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Latest humanitarian reports, maps and infographics and full document archive. Since 1990, there have been only four such cyclones in April. Once formed, cyclones in this area usually move northwest. Cyclones How Do Cyclones Occur ? Six hours later, the IMD upgraded the system to a cyclonic storm and gave it the na… Stage One The start of a cyclone is when air heated by the sun rises very swiftly which creates areas of very low air pressure. Fani, a rare summer cyclone in the Bay of Bengal, hit eastern India on May 03. Cyclone Fani is likely to reach West Bengal by the morning of May 4, following which it will move to Bangladesh towards the evening. This is especially important when we're talking about The Cyclonic storm Fani is expected to hit the coast of Odisha on 3 May, 2019 and can make a severe landfall. Natural Disasters For 3rd Grade. Summer crops, orchards, plantations devastated in a large scale. OCHA coordinates the global emergency response to save lives and protect people in humanitarian crises. FANI CYCLONE REPORT - 2019 (By Mantosh Giri) Odisha known as the disaster capital in India; Cyclones are main causes of huge damage in eastern part of Odisha, which is situated near the Bay of Bengal. Cyclone “Fani” Joint Rapid Needs Assessment (JRNA) Report 2019 In the aftermath of the Cyclone in Odisha in May 2019 Format Assessment Source. Fani, on the other hand, originated quite close to the Equator, around latitude 2°, well below the Sri Lankan landmass. It must be addressed head-on. Find latest updates on global humanitarian responses, Informe mundial sobre desastres 2020 (Sinopsis): Contra calor y marea - Un empeño conjunto ante las repercusiones humanitarias del cambio climático, Rapport sur les catastrophes dans le monde 2020 (Résumé) : Contre marées et chaleurs - S’attaquer ensemble aux conséquences humanitaires de la crise climatique, World Disasters Report 2020: Come Heat or High Water - Tackling the Humanitarian Impacts of the Climate Crisis Together [EN/AR], View all Tropical Cyclone Fani - Apr 2019 Updates, Record Number Displaced Due to Natural Disasters in First Half of 2019, Satellite detected water extents, as of 4 May 2019 over Khulna and Barisal Division, Bangladesh (Imagery analysis: 4 May 2019 | Published 6 May 2019 | Version 1.0), UNOSAT Tropical Cyclone Fani Population Exposure Analysis in Bangladesh - 04 May 2019, View all Tropical Cyclone Fani - Apr 2019 Maps and Infographics, Cyclone Fani Situation Report 1 – period Covered: May 3, 2019, Devastating impact of Cyclone Fani revealed as millions of people lose homes and livelihoods in India and Bangladesh, Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2020, Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre for Tropical Cyclones over North Indian Ocean (RSMC), Bangladesh Meteorological Department: Special Weather Bulletin. The temperature of the top layer of the sea, up to a depth of about 60 metres, need to be at least 28°C to support the formation of a cyclone. Cyclone Fani, which reached the eastern coast on Friday with a top wind speed of 205 kilometers an hour, was one of the most severe cyclones to hit the region the Super Cyclone … Around 13,000 houses were fully or partially damaged due to cyclonic storm in the coastal districts, including Bhola, Chandpur, Bagerhat, Khulna, Satkhira, Patuakhali and Barguna, according to the NDRCC. A view of the beach side in Puri. Cyclone Fani made landfall on the Bay of Bengal coast of India about 8 a.m. local time on Friday, May 3. This was the strongest storm since 1999 Odisha Cyclone. Cyclone Fani made landfall on the Bay of Bengal coast of India about 8 a.m. local time on Friday, May 3. This explains why the April-May and October-December periods are conducive for cyclones. Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Fani was the strongest Tropical Cyclone to stike Odisha, an eastern state of India since 1999 Odisha Super Cyclone. Tropical cyclone is non-frontal synoptic scale low- pressure system over tropical waters with organized convection (i.e. Intense means that near surface sustained2 wind speeds exceed 17 ms¡1 (60 km h¡1, 32 kn).Severe tropical cyclones with near NEW DELHI: In the aftermath of the devastation caused by severe Cyclone 'Fani', the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy has launched a massive rescue and rehabilitation effort in Odisha. IFRC: India: Cyclone Fani Emergency Plan of Action Operation Update n° 3 DREF n° MDRIN022 08 Jul 2019 India Govt. Crops on 330 acres were totally damaged while those on 52,728 acres were partially affected. Who is Omar Sheikh and what is Daniel Pearl murder case? A big difference between the strengths of cyclones in April-May and October-December is that the former originate in situ in the Bay of Bengal itself, barely a few hundred kilometres from the landmass. The Indian Express is now on Telegram. Tropical Cyclone Fani: The storm is India's strongest tropical cyclone to make landfall in 20 years. The coastal districts of Chattogram, Noakhali, Laxmipur, Feni, Chandpur, Borguna, Bhola, Patuakhali, Barishal, Pirozpur, Jhalokathi, Bagherhat, Khulna, Satkhira and their offshore islands are likely to be inundated by storm surges of two to four feet height above normal astronomical tide levels. The storm hit Puri city in Odisha state with heavy rain and wind speeds exceeding 130 mph, equivalent to a Category 4 hurricane. (Indian Red Cross Society, 20 May 2019), As of 8 July 2019, Cyclone Fani has killed at least 89 people in eastern India and Bangladesh. The in situ cyclonic systems in the Bay of Bengal usually originate around latitude 10°, in line with Chennai or Thiruvananthapuram. The last cyclone was named by Bangladesh - "Fani" which means snake. Explore more on Fani Cyclone 2019. (ECHO, 1 May 2019), Tropical Cyclone FANI made landfall between Brahmagiri village and Puri City (Odisha State, India) on the morning of 3 May, with maximum sustained winds up to 240 km/h (Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale)...Over 1 million people have been evacuated from coastal communities in Odisha and Andhra Pradesh and 4 852 shelters have been set up. These systems already have some energy, and gather momentum as they traverse over the Bay of Bengal. 3. 2. RW COVID-19 page: Find latest updates on global humanitarian responses. Rail, road and air traffic have been suspended. “April-May is not the season for typhoons in the west Pacific Ocean. “Due to cyclone Fani, Gopalpur port operation will stand suspended till conditions improve. More than a million people in Indian were evacuated from the coastal zone. Cyclone Fani caused about US$1.81 billion in damages in both India and Bangladesh, mostly in Odisha state in India. The Cyclonic storm Fani is expected to hit the coast of Odisha on 3 May, 2019 and can make a severe landfall. 13,000 houses have been damaged in Bangladesh according to preliminary estimates and national humanitarian assistance has been provided to affected families. It was initially headed northwestwards, towards the Tamil Nadu coast, but changed course midway, and swerved northeast away from the coastline to reach Odisha. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines. Amitabh SinhaAmitabh Sinha is Resident Editor, Pune. Super Cyclonic Storm Amphan (/ ˈ ɑː m p ɑː n /) was a powerful and catastrophic tropical cyclone that caused widespread damage in Eastern India, specifically West Bengal, and in Bangladesh in May 2020. That has given it even more time on the sea. A thumb rule for cyclones (or hurricanes and typhoons as they are called in the US and Japan) is that the more time they spend over the seas, the stronger they become. Approximately 10 million people from coastal areas in the north-eastern States of India have been affected by the tropical cyclone. The state has set a zero-casualty target. (ECHO, 5 May 2019), As of 6 May at 8.00 UTC, at least 33 people have been reported dead in India and another 17 in Bangladesh following the passage of Tropical Cyclone FANI. Rohan Venkataramakrishnan. The storm is likely to intensify further and move in a north-westerly direction. That is why almost all the cyclones in the Bay of Bengal in April-May period are in situ systems,” said P V Joseph, a former director of the India Meteorological Department. Many of the humanitarian agencies and civil society organisations are working in relief and recovery phase. Fani, on the other hand, has been continuously monitored ever since it developed southeast of Sri Lanka about a week ago, warnings have been issued after every few hours to fishermen and people living in coastal regions, and a massive emergency preparedness has been mounted. • Word "Cyclone" is derived from the Greek, word "Cyclos" meaning the coils of a snake. At the same time, the JTWC began warning on the system, designating it 01B. At least 36 villages in Patuakhali, Bagerhat, Bhola and Satkhira were inundated as storm surges breached earthen dykes and overflew them, according to the National Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC). Also read | Puri’s Jagannath temple replaces flag to sound alert: Fani on way, brace for impact. Tropical Cyclone Fani: The storm is India's strongest tropical cyclone to make landfall in 20 years. Then, the low level of air above the waters needs to have an ‘anticlockwise’ rotation (in the northern hemisphere; clockwise in the southern hemisphere). The Major Strom/Cyclone hit Odisha last few years: Super Cyclone 1999, Phailin 2013, Hudhud 2014, Titli 2018 and Fani 2019. Location, location, location! Two Maritime Recce sorties were undertaken by the Dornier aircraft of the Navy revealing widespread destruction localised around the temple town of Puri, according to an official statement. The eastern coast of India is no stranger to cyclones. A view of the beach side in Puri. Tropical Cyclone FANI has now dissipated. Odisha State has been the most heavily affected, with electricity and infrastructure damaged. India's Meteorological Department said that Cyclone Fani is a category 3 storm, with sustained winds of 125 mph that is expected to bring "extremely … Cyclone Fani will be the second storm to form in April and cross the mainland. “It wrenched my heart to see the tragic scenes after cyclone Fani. News agency IANS … China-Hong Kong: Grants approved for cyclone victims in … On the other hand, cyclones in October-December are usually remnants of cyclonic systems that emerge in the Pacific Ocean, but manage to come to the Bay of Bengal, considerably weakened after crossing the southeast Asian landmass near the South China Sea. (ECHO, 6 May 2019), The death toll from Tropical Cyclone FANI has increased to 42 in India, while 17 fatalities have been confirmed in Bangladesh by UN OCHA. Cyclone Fani and Amphan were both devastating storms of the immediate past in the Bay of Bengal. From NDTV.COM in damages in both India and Bangladesh, Myanmar or other countries in the districts. 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