According to the World Missionary Atlas (Beach and Fahs 1925), there were 150 missionary physicians in Africa in 1925, and more than 235 nurses working with nearly 500 trained native nurses in 116 hospitals and 366 dispensaries. The minutes include regular accounts of activities in South Africa (Transkei, The Gold Coast, Lovedale, Kafraria, Natal, Old Calabar, the Rhodesian Copper Belt), featuring medical missions, educational work, and industrial missions. Introduction Although the Christian missions achieved great success in their missionary enterprise in West Africa, the experienced many difficulties and hardships in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Christian missionaries devote time, energy and billions of dollars to helping African children orphaned by the AIDS epidemic. The first group of missionaries in West Africa were the Scotish missionary society that started its work in 1879 in Susu area north of Sierra Leone. The history of modern medicine in sub-Saharan Africa is indeed closely linked to the development of missionary activity. While missionaries could sometimes clash with colonial governments, for the most part missions were important tools for colonial governments. There may have been many reasons for missionaries to travel to Africa, but not only as remarked by Father Wermter: "The community culture of Africa fascinated the European missionaries who came from individualistic cultures." But it left soon and was replaced by Church Missionary Society as they went to Free town where there was a serious need for humanitarian work among the freed slaves. Missionary activities resulted in development of agricultural and technical skills. - some degree of assimilation is implicit in any missionary endeavour; however, the degree of assimilation could vary. This could create divisions and biases among the believers thus weakening their capacity to convert more converts. 8. effects of missionaries in East Africa They spread Christianity and baptized many converts. They contributed to provision of medical services. While North American missionaries began to contribute to this cause in the early nineteenth century, their involvement in Africa peaked, like most European missionary efforts, during the heyday of European colonialism between the partitioning of the continent in 1884-1885 and the onset of decolonization in the 1960s. 7. f) Poor transport was a hindrance to the missionary activities in East Africa. This material was researched and prepared by Franco Frescura to be published in book form. 5. Mission education created a gap between the educated and illiterate people 6. Missionary work led to rise of independent churches for example, the Agikuyu formed African Orthodox church 9. A study of missionary settlement and the spread of Christianity in southern Africa during the period 1800 - 1925, including a piece on the role of missionaries, a list of mission stations, and case studies of individual mission stations. Catechists were also trained who helped in the spread of Christianity for example, in Uganda by 1911 many people had been converted and many cathedrals and churches were built like the Kikuyu churches (Charismatic Arathi or spirit churches.) - missionaries did see themselves in the role of integrating Africans into the social, economic and even political aspects of the colonial society evolving in the Cape Colony and South Africa. But sometimes … activities. e) Divisions and quarrels between various missionary groups for example Catholics versus Protestants was a hindrance to their activities. In development of missionary activity among the believers thus weakening their capacity to convert more.. 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