Students can learn further about the Mughal Empire and their rule in Chapter 4 of CBSE Class 7 History. He was forced to leave his ancestral throne due to the invasion of another Mongol group, the Uzbegs. So it was defeated. According to it, out of the 84 forts of Mewar, Maharana Kumbha alone had built 32 forts. By the end of 1588 CE, Pratap occupied entire Mewar except the internal regions which joined Chittor, Mandalgarh and Ajmer. Chandawal — The last line of the army was called Chandawal. Alha and Udal — Commanders of Chandel ruler Paramardi. The start of the struggle which was done by Chandrasen was followed by Maharana Pratap who became extremely renowned in later period. 12 hours ago Delete Reply Block. During the Indian national movement, the Vijaya stambha had became the source of inspiration for the revolutionaries. Khalifa — Leader of Islamic world who besides being a religious leader, was the political head also. Improve your Grades. Nav Muslim — Nav Muslim were those mongols who had settled in India during the reign of Jalaluddin Firoz Khilzi and had accepted Islam as their religion. Due to these heroic qualities, Durgadas won the heart of a stone hearted person such as Aurangzeb and acquired Mansab. Some questions have an internal choice. Question 3. CBSE Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire Important Questions are also devised based on major concepts of the Chapter, thus helping the students to prepare well for the exam. In his coins of 115 grams, kamdhenu, calf, shivling, nandi, a man bowing on his knees, river, fish, trident etc. Explain. Summary. Babur used them effectively in the first battle of Panipat. The role played by women of the imperial household in the Mughal Empire:(i) In the Mughal household a distinction was maintained between wives who came from royal families (begams), and other wives (aghas) who were not of noble birth. Miftah-ul-Futh — The famous book of Amir Khusro. Hindupat — A title of Maharana Sanga which means Hindu chief. He was forced to leave his ancestral throne due to the invasion of another Mongol group, the Uzbegs. In 1740 CE, Bajirao defeated Nasir Jung, the second son of Nizam Ul-Mulk and forced him to sign the treaty of Mungi Shivagaon. Three orders 14 11. The Sayyid brothers had dethroned Bahadur Shah-I and enthroned Farrukhsiyar on the Mughal throne, but soon after this, he started a conspiracy against these two brothers. Rana Sanga became successful in the battle of 1517 CE. In 1526 he defeated the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, at Panipat and captured Delhi and Agra. The Mughal Empire 1 2. to invade India was Ghazni ruler Subuktgin. According to historian Gaurishankar Hirachand Ojha, Khalifa immediately issued a written order to send Muhammad Bin Qasim alive, woven in the skin of an ox to him. Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for History 2 for Class 12 so that you can refer them as and when required. Marks: 80 General Instructions: • Answer all the questions. Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire. In 1173 CE, Gaur ruler Ghiyasuddin occupied Ghazni and appointed his younger brother Shihabuddin as the ruler of Ghazni. As the Mughals became powerful, several … The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes Social Science History Chapter 4 Babur (1526-1530) was the first Mughal emperor, who became the ruler of old Delhi by defeating Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526. His grandson, Akbar, was considered as the greatest Mughal Emperor. The above order of Khalifa was issued because of the allegation on Bin Qasim to have taken away the virginity of Dahir’s daughters. Demographics. Mughal architecture, building style that flourished in northern and central India from the mid-16th to the late 17th century under the patronage of the Mughal emperors. No individual Sultan of Malwa, Delhi and Gujrat was able to defeat him. ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics – The Mughal Empire ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions EXERCISES Question 1. Scribes or calligraphers used to copy the text. Study it carefully and see if you can notice any long-term patterns. On 8th May, 1740 CE, Bajirao met sudden death at a place called Ravar on the banks of river Narmada. It consolidated Islam in South Asia, and spread … The Mughal (or Mogul) Empire ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries. For this Hammir Dev Chauhan is famous. An empire across three continents 15 7. The Empire or Mogul (also Mogul) Empire in traditional English usage, was an imperial power from the Indian Subcontinent. This is considered as the first epic of Hindi literature. Prihviraj’s mother Karpuradevi was a skilled politician. Babur became the permanent emperor of India. The Mughal Empire (also known as Mogul, Timurid, or Hindustan empire) is considered one of the classic periods of India's long and amazing history. It is necessary to remind ourselves, time and again that a whole category of gender cannot be just represented by writing about the popular imperial princesses. Babur 30 April 1526 – 26 December 1530 26 December 1530 – 17 May 1540 and 22 February 1555 - 27 January 1556 Humayun Akbar 27 January 1556 – 27 October 1605 Jahangir 15 October 1605 – 8 November 1627 8 November 1627 – 2 August 1658 Shah Jahan Aurangzeb 31 July 1658 – 3 March 1707 2. NCERT solutions for Class 12 History - Themes in Indian History chapter 8 (Peasants, Zamindars And The State: Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. On the basis of the incident of the plundering of the Arabian Ships’ Arabs attacked Dahir Sen. Dahir bravely faced the enemies. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. If you have any query regarding UP Board Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 1 Beginning of Mughal Empire in India: Babar and Humayun (भारत में मुगल साम्राज्य का प्रारम्भ- बाबर और हुमायूँ), drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. Watch Queue Queue. Sources Literary Monuments 2 3. Central Islamic lands 15 8. Dalpangul — After gaining victory in several battles, Prithiviraj gained the title of ‘Dalpangul’. The Mughal Empire, descendants from the Mongol Empire of Turkestan in the 15th Century, ruled the majority of India and Pakistan during the 16th and 17th Centuries. At The time of Babur’s invasion, Mewar’s ruler Maharana sanga was the most Powerful in India. Bapa Rawal — The epitaph of Bappa Rawal is famous by the name of‘Bappa Rawal’. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Chapter 10. Primary Sidebar. He wanted to become conqueror like Alexander. Historian Dr Dashrath Sharma has accepted the incident of Samyogita as a historical fact in ‘The Early Chauhan Dynasties’. Question 2. Who wrote Ain-i-Akbari. The administrative organization of the Mughal Empire allowed it to prosper for more than two centuries before being overrun by the Marathas. 'Mughal Empire History’ has been a topic of great interest among researchers, students and historians. Rao Chandrasen was the first ruler of independent thoughts in Rajasthan during the period of Akbar. The Mughal Empire ruled hundreds of millions of people. Harawal — The foremost front part of the army was called Harawal. The Mughal emperors (or Moghul) built and ruled the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.The Mughals began to rule parts of India from 1526, and by 1700 ruled most of the sub-continent. However, Kumbha became successful in suppresing the enemies but some were successful in fleeing and reaching the haven of Malwa’s Sultan Mahumud Khilji. He was bom on 20th April 1627 in a hilly fort of Shivner near Puna (Maharashtra). We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. By the end of 19 the century, mughals saw their decline. Bappa occupied Chittor and gained three titles: At the age of Fifty, Bappa invaded Khurasan and occupied it. The opposite group tried to capture Mewar. After the death of Prophet Mohammad in 632 CE, the sequence of Arab invasions on India started. Due to this, he was regarded to be “of a stable mindset during the war.” According to Ekalinga Mahatamya, he excelled in Vedas, Smritis, Mimansa, Upanishadas, Vyakaran (Grammar), Politics and Literature. The famous Jain temple of Ranakpur was built during the reign of Maharana Kumbha by Dharanak Shah. According to the provisions of this treaty, he handed oves 23 forts to Mughals. There were several reasons for the success of Arabs in context to Sindh such as-the ‘ dissatisfaction of general section of the society during the reign of Dahir, lack of the spirit of mutual co-ordination, brotherhood and co-operation. arrow_back Administration of Mughal Empire. Class 7 History - Know more about Who were the Mughals? After that they declined rapidly, but nominally ruled territories until the 1850s. After years of wandering he seized Kabul in 1504. The characteristics qualities of Pratap were that he never attacked one without arms, loved of freedom, was a guardian of religion, respected women and was an exemplary man. The story of Padmini has been historically described by Malik Muhammad Jayasi in his composition, ‘Padmavat’. He is regarded as the second founder of Maratha Empire. These texts are associated with the process of enthronement as per ancient scripturers, astrological science and forest science respectively. Ram Prasad — This was the most famous elephant of Maharana Pratap. AKBAR JAHANGIR 7. He invaded India 17 times, among which his sixteenth invasion made on Somnath Temple (Gujrat) in 1025 CE is the most famous. In this battle, Chandel ruler Paramari Deva’s two commanders Aiha and Udal were killed while fighting. These were used in showering stones which hurt the enemies deeply. Brahmagupta’s Brahmasiddhanta and Khandakhadyaka are famous among the translated books. No other country of the world confronted the invasions made by the Arabs and the Turks in such an extended, rigid and successful way, as India of the medieval period did. Maharana Pratap was not only a brave and courageous personality but also a protector of scholars. But as the Mughals turned out to be effective numerous different rulers likewise went along with them willfully. Due to this, Chandrasen is also known as “The Mentor of Pratap” and “The Pratap of Mewar”. Some questions have an internal choice. If you have any query regarding CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 1, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. During the reign of Ummayad dynasty, the Arab army occupied Kirmar, Siestan and Makran situated on the other side of Sindh under the leadership of Abdullah. Explain with examples. From the side of his father Umar Sheikh Mirza, he was the fifth descendant of Timur and from the side of his mother Qutlugh Nigar Khanum, he was the fourteenth descendant of Genghis Khan. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Chapter 10. From the latter half of the 16th century, the Mughals expanded their kingdom from Agra and Delhi, until in the 17th century they controlled nearly all of the subcontinent. Easy to print and read. Mughal empire was established in India by Babur. A widow lady without ornaments—Noticing the destruction of Chittor and its poor economic condition, the contemporary poets had even entitled Chittor as ‘a widow lady without ornaments’. He issued gold coins. His epitaph is famous by the name of ‘Bappa Rawal’. On one hand, he was unhappy as his Son Sambhaji had moved in the haven of the Mughals and on the other hand, his wife Soyarabai was planning a conspiracy to make her son Rajaram as his successor. The ulises of Rathores — Colonel James Todd has addressed Veer Durgadas Rathore as ‘the Ulises of Rathores’. Rajput army was not ready for battle. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. As the Mughal invasions had ended, Pratap led the last days of his life while ruling peacefully upon Chavand. He described the battles between Hammir Chauhan and Jalaluddin Khilji and their strategies in this book. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles: The Mughal Courts Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 9 – 4 Marks Questions Question 1. The chapter deals with the Mughal Rulers, Mughal lineage and administration under the Mughal Empire Chronicles of the Mughal Emperor provides us valuable informations about the institution of Mughal state. Kumbha was not only a brave warrior, but also a lover of art, as well as scholastic ruler. The Mentor of Pratap/The Pratap of Marwar — Due to the qualities of patriotism, self respect, and love for freedom, Chandrasen was known as ‘the Mentor of Pratap/the Pratap ofMarwar’. Hindu Suratran — Due to the victory on Mughal rulers, Maharana Kumbha was called Hindu Surtran (Sultan of the Hindus). NCERT Notes: India Under The Mughals [Medieval Indian History Notes For UPSC] The Mughal reign was a crucial phase in Indian History. 157.7KB PDF document. It meant second Alexander. 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Mughal empire was a great era which has given India a very rich and noble history to be marked with golden words. Question 3. The Mughals followed the custom of co-parcenary inheritance, where parental property was divided equally among all the sons. Hammir Mahakavya — The composition of Nayan Chandra Suri. Question 2. Who wrote Ain-i-Akbari. Table 1 charts some of the major campaigns of the Mughals. Bappa Rawal is regarded as the actual founder of Guhil dynasty of Mewar. After gaining victory, Mahmud himself broke the statue of Somnath and sent its. It is divided into five books/sections. From his childhood, Shivaji had acquired full knowledge of the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and other Hindu scriptures. The name of Veer Durgadas is famous in the history of Marwar. This article throws light on the Mughal era in India like Economic & Social Life, Agriculture, Trade Growth, etc. See also: Demographics of India: History. From the beginning of his reign, he waged wars, one after the other, which proves him to be an efficient soldier and commander. The 17 th century saw extension of the Mughal Empire from Qandahar in the west to Bengal in the east and from Kashmir in the north to Mysore in the south. The Rajputs served the Mughals intentionally. He not only provided protection to Ajit Singh, but also enthroned him on the throne of Jodhpur. Shivaji was the son of Sardar Shahji Bhonsle and Jijabai. Atlas of the Mughal Empire: Political and Economic Maps (1982). Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Question l. Describe the process of manuscript production in the Mughal court. CBSE Class-7 keyboard_arrow_right; History keyboard_arrow_right; The Mughal Empire keyboard_arrow_right; Administration of Mughal Empire . Habib, Irfan. According to Chandar Bardais’ composition ‘Prithviraj Raso’, the reason of struggle between Jaichand and Prithviraj Chauhan was the kidnapping of Jaichand’s daughter Samyogita by Prithviraj Chauhan and marrying her. The defeated Prithviraj was imprisoned near Sirsa at a place called Saraswati. Indian philosophy, science, mathematics, medical science and astrology influenced the Arabians in a great way. The internal security was also provided to people to such extent that no innocent person was given punishment. Persian, Indian, and various provincial styles were fused to produce works of unusual quality and refinement such as the Taj Mahal, in Agra. Subuktgin — First Turkish invader who attacked India. NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. No matter how interesting their lives had been, history does not only belong to them. Confrontation of cultures 14 Section D: Paths to Modernization 52 19 13. Web. Sindh — The part of ancient India which faced the invasions of foreigners for seventy five years. Although the ruling class and administrative elite of the Mughal Empire could variously identify themselves as Turani , Irani , Shaikhzada (Indian Muslim) and Hindu Rajput, the empire itself was Indo-Persian, having a hybridized, pluralistic Persianate culture. He was the ruler of Ghazni. इस अनुच्छेद को विकिपीडिया लेख Mughal Empire के से अनूदित किया गया है। मुग़ल साम्राज्य ... Two Mughal Emperors and Shah Alam c. 1876. BABUR HUMAYUN 6. Next Activity The Mughal Empire Worksheet 2 . Literary Source: Ain-i-Akbari It was written by Abul Fazi. Nomadic Empires 13 . At of age of 12, he obtained his father’s Jagir Pima. India's population growth accelerated under the Mughal Empire, with an unprecedented economic and demographic upsurge which boosted the Indian population by 60% to 253% in 200 years during 1500–1700. CBSE Class-7 keyboard_arrow_right; History keyboard_arrow_right; The Mughal Empire keyboard_arrow_right; Mughal Empire after 16th Century . References. Cultural and Political Maps Citation "Image:The Mughal Empire.jpg." CBSE Solutions For Class VII History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. Nagabhatta-I (730-756 CE) is regarded as the founder of Guijara-Pratihara dynasty of Jalore, Avanti and Kannauj. On this occassion, he dug a pond, which became famous by the name of ‘Sukra Talab’. 3 Mughal army on campaign. Sources Literary Monuments 2 3. Watch Queue Queue Firstly the Arabians invaded Syria and in one year itself (635-636 CE), the capital Damascus had surrendered. Log in, RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan, RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Physical Education, RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Social Science, RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Rajasthan Adhyayan, RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Physical Education, RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Information Technology, RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science, RBSE Solutions for Class 6 Social Science, RBSE Solutions for Class 5 Environmental Studies, Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Google+ (Opens in new window). Historian C. V. Vaidya has compared him with Chalres Martel (the French Commander who was the first to defeat the Mughal army). After the death of Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath, his elder son Bajirao (1720-40 CE) was appointed on the post of Peshwa. At that time, he was merely 20 years of age. The efficient … After years of wandering he seized Kabul in 1504. India's population growth accelerated under the Mughal Empire, with an unprecedented economic and demographic upsurge which boosted the Indian population by 60% to 253% in 200 years during 1500–1700. The Mughal Empire 1. For this, he not only made Rathore- Sisodiya alliance by the support of Mewar’s Maharana Raj Singh but also inspired Prince Akbar to revolt against the Emperor. At the time of Kumbha, maladministration prevailing in Gujrat had ended and the rulers were eager to extend their regions of influence. Answer: The author of Ain-i-Akbari is Abul Fazal. After this lesson, students will be able to: 1. explain the foundation of the Mughal Empire 2. explain the qualities that made Babur and Akbar the Great successful 3. explain the fall of the Mughal Empire Historians such as Dr R. S. Tripathi, Gauri Shankar, Hirachand and Visweswara Rao have rejected this historic event as just a love story. Colonel James Todd has addressed him as The Ulisers of Rathores”. CBSE Sample Papers; HSSLive. NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 “The Mughal Empire” explores the solutions to the exercises, given in the textbook “Our Pasts-II”. … 4 Cannons were an important addition in sixteenth-century warfare. Royal control was established upon Jodhpur by his efforts. Ppt on mughal empire 1. Introduction 7 6. Dahir — ruler of Deval. Introduction 7 10. HSSLive Plus Two ; HSSLive Plus One; Kerala SSLC; Exams; NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths; NIOS; Chemistry; Physics; ICSE Books; The Trail History and Civics for Class 8 ICSE Solutions – Decline of the Mughal Empire. According to a secret plan, Gauri suddenly attacked one night at Rajput army. Durgadas was a skilled diplomat. The fundamental wellspring of wage accessible to Mughal rulers was impose on the create of the working class. Shukra Talab — In 1570 CE during his Ajmer visit, Akbar heard about the Marwar region and reached Nagaur. Till last time, Akbar could not capture Mewar and Maharana Pratap also did not accept his sovereignty and Mewar remained free. Annual income of his state was ten crore rupees. After his death, the Arab invasion began in India. Chhatrapati/Hindu Dharmoddharak/Gau Brahmin Pratipalak — These were the titles of Shivaji which he assumed in June 1674 CE. Table 1 charts some of the major campaigns of the Mughals. NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts ... Assess the role played by women of the imperial household in the Mughal Empire Ans: (i) The term “haram” is used to describe the domestic world of the Mughals. The battle of Haldighati (1576 CE) was fought between Maharana Pratap and Akbar. Seven kings, and 104 small chieftains used to live along with him. History. Knowledge Base. Shivaji called a Brahmin named Gangabhatt from Benaras and performed his coronation in the capital Raigarh in June 1674 CE and gained the titles of ‘Chhatrapati’, ‘Hindu Dharmoddharak’, ‘Gau Brahmin Pratipalak’ etc. Bappa Rawal — Founder of Guhil dynasty. June 26, 2018 by Kalyan. These books talk about servants of emperor, administration, judicial departments, Hindu philosophies, sayings of Akbar etc. arrow_back Mughal Empire after 16th Century. Protection of the refugees — This meant to give protection to those people who approached. Prithviraj was a brave and courageous ruler. The rampart of Kumbhalgarh fort built by Kumbha is 36 km long, which is regardedas the world’s longest wall after the Great Wall of China. Chetak — Name of the most famous horse of Maharana Pratap. Mughal dynasty, Muslim dynasty of Turkic-Mongol origin that ruled most of northern India from the early 16th to the mid-18th century. Marks are indicated against each question.This question paper comprises of six sections. The Arabian people learned various fundamental principles such as number system, decimal system, medical science and astrology also. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Aurangzeb’s successors are referred to as the Later Mughals and are less-known in the history of the Mughal Empire in India compared to the Great Mughals. Changing cultural traditions 15 12. Read the well-illustrated answers to score good marks in exams. These texts clearly depicted the policies of Mughal Empire which they sought to impose on their domain. In 1526, Zahir-ud-Din Muhammad Babur, a man with Mongol heritage from central Asia, established a foothold in the Indian subcontinent which was to last for more than three centuries. In India, Mughal empire was founded by Babur in 1526 CE. Videos. औरंगजेब के शासनकाल के बाद, साम्राज्य में गिरावट हुई। बह Mewar and Malwa both were neighbouring kingdoms and the rulers of these kingdoms wished to expand the frontiers of their respective kingdoms. Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 12 History Notes Chapter 4 Mughal Invasion: Types and Effects. Mughal dynasty, Muslim dynasty of Turkic-Mongol origin that ruled most of northern India from the early 16th to the mid-18th century. 12 years old. What information does Abul […] As a result of war, the superiority of Rajputs declined. Answer: The author of Ain-i-Akbari is Abul Fazal. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. Jump to... Disclaimer. In order to avenge for the assassination of some of his soldiers, Prithviraj attacked Mahoba state in 1182 CE. Study it carefully and see if you can notice any long-term patterns. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts. Dahir recieved matyrdom on June 20, 712 CE. The Forgotten Hero ofMarwar — Due to getting less importance, Chandra sen was called the Forgotten hero ofMarwar. Recent Posts. Your email address will not be published. There were many Muslim and Hindu kingdoms split all throughout India until the founders of the Mughal Empire came. The wives of ordinary soldiers also did so. The chapter deals with the Mughal Rulers, Mughal lineage and administration under the Mughal Empire Ekka and Mehpa Pawar were the main among them. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. After getting it in the battle, Akbar named it ‘Peer Prasad’. Soon after Shaista Khan occupied Puna and from there itself, he started to operate campaign against Shivaji. Summary. The boundaries of his empire extended from Kashmir in the north to Kannauj in the east. (All India 2017) The granting of … Sanga occupied the region of the Sultanate. Mughal painting is a particular style of South Asian, particularly North Indian (more specifically, modern day India and Pakistan), painting confined to miniatures either as book illustrations or as single works to be kept in albums ().It emerged from Persian miniature painting (itself partly of Chinese origin) and developed in the court of the Mughal Empire of the 16th to 18th centuries.
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